This is a reworking of the data for the Haresnape families who lived in the Thurnham area in the 17th and 18th centuries.
I have transposed data for Robert (520) with that for Robert (650), and also George (530) for George (630). Transposed data shown in purple text.
The new arrangement although not perfect, helps to explain a number of connections.
may be some new numbering changes required. There will be new errors
here caused by the transposition which need later correction.
John 1612 and Ales Richmond (190)
Harsenop c. 1641 Lancaster St. Mary (why here?)
Haresnape c. 1643 Cockerham
Haresnape c. 1645 Cockerham
Haresnape c. 1647 Cockerham
Haresnape c. 1652 Cockerham.
Haresnape c. 1655/6 Cockerham
330. William Hairesnepp c.?
Oliver Cromwell, the Interregnum 1649-1660.
John (280) died aged about five in 1648.(buried at Cockerham)
Jennet (290) may have been given the name of her grandmother?
William (330) died
in 1656, and buried at Cockerham.
John (320) 1655 married at Lancaster St.Mary in August 1682 to Mary Smith, 12 children (390). It appears that John and his family may have moved from Cockerham parish into Lancaster parish sometime after 1693. Perhaps Mary was from the Lancaster area as they were married there rather than at Cockerham. As perhaps the eldest surviving son of George 1590's eldest son John 1612, he should have assumed tenancy of the farm, but it seems it had passed to his cousin Robert 1655. It is understood though that John had property elsewhere (Upper Wyresdale) so he would not have run two farms.
John, perhaps with money from his marriage to Mary, purchased lands in Upper Wyersdale for the sum of £185 from a Richard Bolton of Thornbury in 1685. Upper Wyersdale is in the parish of Lancaster. The lands would have been Long Moor, which features in the 1765 will of his son Robert. Long Moor or Longmoor has been identified as farmland about a few hundred yards south of Damas Gill (or Ghyll) reservoir. This is a few miles east of Galgate, Lancaster. Note Galgate and Ellel are in the parish of Cockerham.
John`s wife Mary may have died sometime after 1702 for a John Haresnape of Upper Wyresdale, Lancashire (probably John 1655), married Elizabeth Braithwaite of Loanthwaite in November 1706 at Hawkshead parish church (just by Esthwaite Water). Apparantly Elizabeth was a widow at the marriage. Her previous husband had been John Braithwaite. One of her nieces, Alice Curtes married John 1655`s son Robert 1699 (480) see below.
The personal status of John was not given. It is understood that Elizabeth`s maiden name was Jackson. Why John was in that remote area of Lancashire at that time is not known. The Haresnapes and the Jackson families were however already close at that date by intermarriage. John and Elizabeth do seem to have returned to the Thurnham location.
As to the exact identity of this John Haresnape, it seems less likely that it was John born 1688 (570) as he would have been aged 18 at the date of the marriage, and only 14 when Ruth Haresnape was born. There is a reference to a John as brother of a William Haresnape (ref?) I had placed this John as ref (375) and born say 1665. he could be an option, but at the moment the identity of the "John" who married Elizabeth Braithwaite is not firmly established.
note that John and Mary were listed in terms of a lease in a Dalton Estate document of 1707, a year after the Hawkshead wedding. There was also another John Haresnape listed.
n.b. Hawkshead is some 40 miles by road from Thurnham area.
William 1618 and Anne Someone (220)
Haresnip born Thurnham?
Hairesnap born say 1655
Hairesnape born say 1657 Cockerham
370. William Hairesnape born say 1660 Cockerham375. John ? c. 1665
The difficulty in birth dates partly arises because of the Commonwealth Period (1648-1660). The dates assigned are estimates. If William 1618 or his wife followed the Catholic faith, this also may have caused some difficulty with records.
Barbary (340) married
Richard Hodgson. She received her mother's possessions in her will.
In 1695 a Robert Haresnape was mentioned in an Overseer`s Appointment Court for Daltons DDDA 26a. Could be Robert (350)?
Robert (350) married at Cockerham in about 1697, wife unknown, 4 children (510). In 1716 he was "the holder of 12 acres at Thurnham (presumably the farm) for the lives of himself, his son William and his brother William from Robert Dalton deceased". Robert Dalton would have been the Lord of the Manor. Robert Hairesnape seems to have been a house carpenter. He also followed the Catholic faith (register of "papists" as a catholic non-juror 1717). n.b. there is a document relating to a Robert Haresnape in 1711, no details as yet.
He died in
1728 at Thurnham and buried at Cockerham (an inventory of his estate is held). It is very likely that his
family shared the same faith, (see below his eldest son William (510)
who administered the will).
Thomas (360) married at
Cockerham in 1684 to Ann Wade, 3 children (550). They lived at Hillam, a mile south of
Haresnape's Farm. Thomas died in 1695 aged 38. (inventory of his estate is held).
William (370) married in 1688 at Cockerham to Alice Chatburn (b.Stoneyhurst, Lancs), 9 children (580). They lived in Thurnham. William died in 1720, (probate record), his wife in 1735.
George 1622 (240)
380. Elizabeth Haresnape c. 1640 Cockerham
Elizabeth`s baptismal date was 21 May 1640.
It is also
possible that Elizabeth was a child of George 1590 by a second marriage. (see above)
John 1655 and Mary Smith (320)
Elizabeth c. 1683 Cockerham
400. Mary c.
410. George c. 1686 Cockerham
420. Sarah c. 1689
Elizabeth c. 1691 Cockerham
450. John c.
1696 Lancaster St. Mary
460. William c. 1697 L.S.M.
470. Sarah c. 1698
480. Robert c. 1699 L.S.M.
490. Joseph c. 1700 L.S.M.
500. Ruth c. 1702 L.S.M.
1683 and Sarah 1689 presumably died in
Mary (400) 1685
was recorded in a marriage bond of 1721 to
marry a Robert Swardsbrick of Nateby.
(430) 1691 may have married Thomas Wilson at St, Mary`s Lancaster in Sep 1716.
John (450) 1696
was bondsman for the marriage of John Williamson of Ashton to Bridget Carous.
William (460) 1697 married in 1723 at Lancaster St. Mary (see link) to Mary Walker, 2 children (670), both christened at Laancaster St.Mary.
of Thurnham, is thought to have died in 1728 and his widow Mary also of
Thurnham in 1738. Both buried at Cockerham St.Michael.
(470) 1698 married in 1741 at L.S.M. to William Sanderson.
Robert (480) 1699 married in 1745 at L.S.M. to Alice Cortes of Saltcoates Brows by marriage bond, 3 children (690). A Dalton document shows that Robert had half the lease of a "Curtes tenement". The other half was leased to Robert Jackson who had married Elizabeth Curtes, Alice`s sister (in June 1728). Thus it appears that the tenement, perhaps a farm was lived in by the two Roberts and their respective wives (both Curteses by birth). These Curtes girls had an aunty Elizabeth who seems to have been the Elizabeth Braithwaite (nee Jackson) listed below and married to John Haresnape (320). Thus it would seem that the "Curtes tenement" would have been passed down to Robert by his father John. Robert died in 1764/5.
n.b. This Curtes tenement is quite probably Saltcoates House, which is referred to as "commonly known as Curteses and previously leased to William Haresnape, house carpenter, deceased " in the later 1784 lease indenture of Robert Dalton to Robert Jackson. This house still stands (see notes below regarding Willam Haresnape 1695 (510)).
In his will of 1763, Robert named his wife as Alice and left her a third of the clear yearly profits from freehold tenements known as Corteses`s and Haresnape's. I assume that these are Saltcotes House and Haresnape`s Farm. Alice was also to receive one third of the annual profits from the estate of land known as Long Moor in Upper Wyersdale.
The will also gave his son John (700) the
Long Moor estate of land in Upper Wyresdale. Also John was to be given
the tenements of Saltcotes and Haresnapes Farm in Thurnham if he attained the age of 21 and the tenements
were still in lease.
n.b. At the time of the will being written, son John would have only been aged about 15. All
of this suggests that Robert (480) had become a
man of some wealth. It seems as though at this time (1763) Robert held
the freehold properties of Saltcotes House and Haresnapes Farm,
plus the land (only?) at Long Moor, which son Robert was to inherit.
n.b. Long Moor Estate could be the same place referred to in the marriage of Elizabeth Braithwaite to John Haresnape (his father?). Long Moor estate (or at least the present day farm known as Longmoor) has now been located. Upper Wryesdale seems to refer to a locality about 6 miles directly East of Thurnham., and Longmoor Farm is a few miles east of Galgate, Lancaster, and just south of Damas Gill reservoir. However, his son Robert in his own will referred to his land in Upper Wyersdale having the name Greenbanks. There is today a farm with that name East of Thurnham and on the road to Abbeystead. This is also close to Longmoor Farm.There is a good possibility that this was the area that they both referred to.
Ruth (500) 1702 married at Stalmine in 1741 to William Thornton. Her stepmother Elizabeth Haresnape (nee Jackson) left Ruth ten shillings in her will of 1724.
nb1. Regarding the above children, I noticed when constructing the family that a gap appears between 1691 the last of the Cockerham baptisms and 1697 when the baptisms commence at Lancaster St.Mary. It was assumed that for some reason the family unit moved into the LSM parish. Haresnapes Farm at (Lower)Thurnham was in the Parish of Cockerham whereas Saltcote (Glasson) was in the parish of Lancaster St.Mary. There is another explanation that these later children are the offspring of another John Haresnape and ?
A will dated 1724 by an Elizabeth Haresnape refers to her husband John and her stepdaughter Ruth (who was left 10 shillings). She also left 5 shillings a piece to grandchildren James and John Richmond. It is not known how these grandchildren "fit in" but it is observed that another Richmond (Ales) was the mother of John 1655 (and wife of John (190) 1612 above). It is not unusual that because of a low population in the country areas, and a small number of family units, that intermarriage occurred.
This is evident too with the Haresnapes, Jacksons and the Curtes/Cortes families. (A cousin of John Haresnape a Robert Haresnape (650) b.1705 married Anne Jackson in 1737 at Cockerham-see below). Also see Robert Haresnape`s marriage to Alice Cortes above.
As a further footnote of possible interest, Low Loanthwaite farm was later to be owned by Beatrice Potter.
n.b2. there was also a Joseph Haresnape living in the area during this period. Who he was is not known. Joseph seems to have become the Churchwarden at Thurnham by 1680.
A Mary Hairsnape, of Thurnham? and daughter of John Hairsnape died in 1725 and was buried at Cockerham. I have placed her above as (501).
Robert 1655 and ? (350)
510. William born by 1695 Cockerham
520. Robert c. 1698 Cockerham
530. George c. 1701 Cockerham
540. Francis c. 1704 Cockerham
William 1695 was a Catholic and an administrator of his father's will (William signs as Hearsnep). He married in ? at ? to ?, at least one child Anne (christened 1729/30), and Mary. William is also known to have followed his father`s trade as a house carpenter. He remained living at Thurnham, Cockerham but died aged about 64 in 1759.
In fact in 1739 he shared a rented tenement with his family and Robert Davis, a mariner. Life Lease. Robert Davis married William`s daughter Mary in 1749. William died aged about 64 in 1759, but intestate without a will, and the administration document records that his daughter Mary, was to perform the inventory of his estate. Robert Davis was one of the bondsmen or securitees. (to ensure that the inventory was performed correctly and legally).
There is also a reference in CRS vol 5 that this William 1695 also left a daughter Agnes who was the wife of Richard Gillow of Ellel Grange. (also see note against William Haresnape (715) below)
In 1783 a John Haresnape rented part of Curteses Tenement. He could be John 1740 (750) (the son of Robert 1698 and Anne Jackson).
In 1784, an Indenture was written for the rental of a farmhouse and land (known commonly as Curtises) between Robert Dalton and Robert Jackson. The Indenture states that the property was previously leased to William Haresnape, house carpenter who is now deceased. This property has been positively identified as the present Saltcoates House, an attractive single storey cottage on the outskirts of Glasson, Lancashire. The house has a plaque on one outside wall bearing the date of 1665 (when built?).
1784 was a time of change in the area for the Glasson Dock was constructed soon after 1779. The canal which allowed ship transport into Lancaster was to follow later. A description of the Glasson Dock area may be seen here click
For many centuries there had been a tradition of collecting and refining salt from the sea/seafront in the area. The process would be to evaporate the sea water in ponds, and to concentrate the crystals of salt by perhaps boiling in vessels. many locals were employed doing this and there were taxes paid from the proceeds. The pools were called Saltcotes and the people involved were known as salt wellers. A description by a visitor Leland, in 1536 of the saltcotes in Cockerham area is shown here click
Saltcote per se is also referred to as a salt pit or the house where salt was made, see click
Note that while living at Saltcote, Robert Davis would have been quite close to his work as a mariner. if his ship could drop anchor close to the beach, Robert could have rowed to work! He does seem to have been involved in two rcorded sinkings. Whether this was par for the course or whether he was a little accident prone is open to discussion!
(520) was married by licence in 1737 at Cockerham to Anne Jackson, eleven children (740) born at Cockerham and
Bolton le Sands. Robert, Anne and their first
children moved in say 1753 to Bolton le Sands, on the coast where the remaining children
were born. Most of his adult children were married in the general
Lancaster area. Probably after 1760 Robert (and perhaps Anne?) moved to Heversham,
some 12 miles north in the county of Westmoreland. Robert died here in 1784 (perished in
the snow at Heversham Head). Perhaps he was a shepherd looking for lost sheep. He was 79
years old. There
is a record of a burial of an Ann Haresnape at Lancaster St.Mary in
1790. This may be Robert`s widow but there was no reference to this in
the parish register.
There is a record of a burial of an Ann Haresnape at Lancaster St.Mary in 1790. This may be Robert`s widow but there was no reference to this in the parish register.
Robert Haresnape was a churchwarden in 1751 for Ashton, Stodday or
Thurnham. It seems quite likely that this was Robert (650) born 1705.
A Robert Haresnape was a churchwarden in 1751 for Ashton, Stodday or Thurnham. It seems quite likely that this was Robert (650) born 1705.
2. Heversham Head is an area of hilly moor close to Heversham . There is a view of the Head at www.heversham.org3. It may not be relevant to the death of Robert on Heversham Head, but the English winter of 1783-4 was very severe. There is a theory that this may have been caused by the Laki volcano in Iceland which had erupted over an 8 month period June 1783 to Feb 1784. This released enormous quantities of material into the atmosphere, and produced increased death rates in Europe and elsewhere.
4. The Catholic Record Society Volume 5 records that the Haresnapes appear in the rolls from 1591, and so it is certain that many of the Haresnapes listed in the previous generations were Catholics.
5. As can be seen below, Robert 1698 and his family were well connected in society, and the latter part of the 18th century perhaps was a highlight in the fortunes of this particular group.
6. Why Bolton Sands? It is now known that the Dalton family owned large tracts of land along the west coast of Lancashire, stretching from Preston up to Lancaster. Bolton, Lancaster is given as being one of the land parcels. Thus if Robert (as a younger son) wished to continue farming, he may have found that he could not do so in the Thurnham area, and the Lord of the manor (Dalton) may have had the Bolton farm available for rent at that particular year.
7. John Lamb a farmer, and descended from Elizabeth Haresnape(610), Robert`s older sister, also relocated to Bolton Le Sands in 1830. Was there a family connection involved? Or was it was just the fact that the Daltons owed such large tracts of land that there was not a lot of choice available for tenant farmers? Note that Elizabeth Haresnape (770), Robert Haresnape`s daughter married William Harrison in 1770 in the Bolton area and a their daughter Ann was there in 1849 so this would perhaps have provided the family connection.
George (530) was a Catholic. He became an apprentice in joinery at Lancaster, and in 1727/8 he and four other apprentices, all Catholics became freemen of Lancaster. One of the apprentices was Robert Gillow, who soon entered into a "joint business" with George. This lasted for about five years. Robert Gillow was later to establish the world renowned Lancaster furniture manufacturing firm. George married in 1731 by marriage bond at either Lancaster, Preston or Warton to Sarah Coward, 4 children (720). It is likely that this was a Catholic wedding ceremony. George appeared in the 1767 Return of Papists for Lancaster as a cabinetmaker, resident for 40 years together with his two daughters Alice and Elizabeth. This would suggest that his wife Sarah was not a Catholic. Sarah is believed to have died in 1777 and buried at Lancaster St. Mary. George died in 1780 as a Free Burgess of Lancaster. The burial record describes him as a "Gentleman"
It is claimed that George, (like Robert Gillow and his son Richard, nephew of George Haresnape) were involved in the slave trade) see click
n.b.The Maritime Museum at Liverpool has records of ships and captains for that period. At that date there were only about 15 slave ships operating out of Liverpool. The appropriate sources for that period have been examined and no record of a George Haresnape either as a captain or owner of a slave ship has been found. It is more likely that George Haresnape, although known as a captain at Liverpool was involved in the business of trading goods between the ports of Liverpool and Lancaster, using a sea coastal route. This method of transport in England was widely used before (and indeed following) the construction of inland canals and the railway system.
n.b. The use of the slave ship "triangular" route to import mahogany from the Americas would seem the type of commercial trade that was carried out.
In Dec 1741 a letter to a Captain Haresnape of Liverpool was written by a Benjamin Satterthwaite, the agent for Gillows who indicated that “If I can get employment in your town I intend to settle there.”
Also in 1764, which confirms an association with Richard Gillow, George and William Haresnape using the same account number 66 and the purchase of wood:-April 7, 1764.
Profit and loss recd. Of W. Haresnape On acct. Rd. Gillow to Woodyard (66 [number of acct.]) - £60 May 10, 1764. Profit and loss recd. Of G. Harsnap Acct. of R.G. Junior (66) - £20
Also for Sept 10, 1767. By deal baulks in Cor. Wth Mr. Hairsnape Paid Mr. Barnes for our half thereof Mr. Wright of Sunderland [that is Sunderland Point] - £54
George was a benefactor for the sum of 20 pounds to the Catholic church in Lancaster. This was in aid for the first chapel specifically used for the teaching of the faith. It was apparantly a thatched barn, founded in about 1736 and situated in Mason Street. This was no small sum of money for that time and lends support to the idea of George being in business and reasonably affluent.
By 1766 there were about 600 of the faith in Lancaster and it became necessary to to construct a new chapel at Dalton Square. Services at St. Peters began in 1784. Finally this was relaced by the present Cathedral. Thus we can see that George Haresnape played his part in the establishment of the Catholic faith in Lancaster. Note: also refer to his first cousin George (530) above.
Thomas 1657 and Ann Wade. (360)
550. Ann c. 1685
560. William c. 1686 Cockerham
570. John c. 1688 Cockerham
Ann Haresnape of Thurnham married at Cockerham
in 1706 at Cockerham to Thomas Ball of Lancaster Parish. Likely to be
this Ann (550). Thomas may have died in Thurnham in 1741, buried at
There appears to be a baptism of a Thomas son of Thomas at LSM in Apr 1697. His father should not have been Thomas (360) as he died in 1695?
Anne, a daughter of William Harsnape of Thurnham died in 1730 and buried at Cockerham. Perhaps a daughter of (560)? Also Esther the wife of William Harsnape died in 1732. Mary the daughter of William Harsnape of Thurnham also died in 1730.
William 1660 and Alice Chatburn (370)
580. Anne c. 1689 Cockerham
590. John c. 1691
Elizabeth c. 1694 Cockerham
Elizabeth c. 1696 Cockerham
620. William c. 1699 L.S.M.?
630. George c. 1701 Cockerham
640. Alice c. 1704
650. Robert c. 1705 Cockerham
660. Mary c. 1709
Anne married in 1713 at L.S.M. to James Beaumont
1694 presumably d.i.i.
1696 married in 1715 at Cockerham to James Lambe. (This was on St.Valentine`s Day).
James was born in 1683 in Pilling. Following the marriage, several
members of the Lamb family farmed in the Thurnham area, eg Cockersands
Abbey Farm, Norbrick farm etc. These would no doubt be tenant farmers
who paid rent to the Daltons. In 1830, a Lamb descendent, John, farmer
moved to Bolton Le Sands, further north near Lancaster and close to the
coast. (See note 6 and 7 below).
George (630) whose abode was at Ellel died and was buried at Cockerham in 27 Jan 1728. It is not known where George lived at Ellel.
Robert (650) is believed to have died in 1722, (buried Christmas Day), and he would have been aged 17 It appears strange that a burial would have been carried out on such a day, but Christmas Day Christenings were not uncommon and obviously customs have changed over the years. There is a possibility (source Catholic Record Society Vol 5) that Robert had a son William (Hearsnepp) (715).
8. William (1660) and Alice may have had another daughter Mary who died in 1701 at Thurnham and buried at Cockerham.
1. It is believed that one of the above Johns, i.e. John Haresnape
1696, John Hairesnape 1688, or John Hairesnape 1691 moved to London where in 1717, a John
Hairsnape married at St.Stephen and St.Benet Sherehog to Ellenor Ion.
Whatever the case, Ellenor and Elizabeth very likely had the distinction of becoming the first "Haresnapes" to settle in America.
1a. Note also the death of a John Hairsnape of Thurnham died in 1739/40 and buried at Cockerham.
William 1697 and Mary Walker (460)
670. Ann c. 1724 Lancaster St.Mary
680. Alice c. 1726 L.S.M.
Ann(670) of Thurnham probably died in 1730 or 1732 and buried at Cockerham.
An Elizabeth Haresnape was married to a William Barrow in 1752. Another daughter of William perhaps?
Also a Robert, son of William Haresnape died in Thurnham in 1728. Possibly belongs in this family.
Robert 1699 and Alice Cortes (480)
690. John c. 1746 L.S.M.
700. John c. 1748 L.S.M.
710. Mary c. 1752 L.S.M.
John 1746 presumably died in infancy.
John (700) received a number of properties and land from his father Robert`s will of 1765. These were the two tenements in Thurnham, and parcels of land in Upper Wyresdale. At the time he was only aged 15 and I assume that he would have received assistance for the management of the properties.
Documents indicate that he did not live at Curteses at Saltcote, as the property was leased to William Haresnape, (510) a cousin? This is shown in a record revealing that the property was life leased in 1739 from Dalton to William Haresnape and Robert Davis a mariner.
John may well have lived either at Galgate (Ellel) a village near Lancaster or a few mile to the east in the location of Longmoor, Upper Wyersdale. With his relatively prosperous position he married in 1772 at Cockerham to Jane or Janet Whitehead (of Forton Hall), 2 children (870). Jane's family had a coat of arms, which indicated some status, and John appears on the Whitehead Pedigree. John was described as a husbandsman of Ellel aged 24, Jane of the same age.
John, in poor health, made a will in 1776 when he was only aged about 28. This will made provision for his wife Jennet and their infant son Robert. His sister Mary and his mother (Alice) who was still alive were also mentioned in his wishes. Here he lists the land of 12 acres in Upper Wyersdale, not as Long Moor but as Greenbank. Also were given his estates in Ellel, together with the tenements in Thurnham (these were not identified by name but I guess would be Haresnape`s farm and Saltcote House). He is also understood to have owned a house (called Wilson`s) in Galgate, Ellel, Lancaster.
John Haresnape died, and a few years later his widow "Jennet" was married in 1779 at St.Mary`s Church, Lancaster to Robert Danson a shipwright. A Richard Whitehead and Mary Haresnape (her sister in law?) were witnesses.John and Jennet`s young son Robert would thus have been raised in the new family, the Dansons.
Mary married in 1781 at Lancaster St.Mary to James Jackson. Mary`s home was given as Skerton, Lancaster. They were both listed as aged 21 years. (her age does not match d.o.b.)
n.b. Skerton today is situated in the north part of Lancaster, and also north of the river Lune.
Prince Charlie and his army were given lodging at Lancaster Castle in 1745. He was on his
journey south on his ill-fated attempt to regain the throne of Scotland.)
Haresnape married a William Lund at Lancaster St. Mary`s in Feb 1768. Is this another
daughter of Robert 1699 ?
7. Children of
Robert 1698 (530) and ?
715. William born about 1720
William may have produced a daughter Agnes Haresnape born say 1740. Agnes may have married a Richard Gillow of Ellel Grange in 1759 (this is about 2 miles or so from Haresnape`s farm but closer to Galgate and Ellel) (source Catholic Record Society vol 5). Richard may have been the same Richard Gillow who was later to marry Sarah Haresnape in 1761 (see below). We have no verification of this at present.
n.b. there are two references in CRS vol 5 to a connection between Richard Gillow and Agnes Haresnape. but the references are inconsistent. Page 199 refers to Richard Gillow having issue by Agnes, daughter of Robert Haresnape of Thurnham, whereas page 253 notes that Agnes was the wife of Richard Gillow of Ellel Grange, Agnes being the daughter of William Haresnape. (the text here links to William (510) above).
It should be noted that Vol 5 covers a number of historical topics concerning the Catholic faith in England. For example, the list of convicted recusants (from where the information regarding Agnes is taken) is a list that was originally issued in the reign of King Charles the Second in 1671. This list covered the whole of England although many of the counties are not covered as well as Lancashire. The original rolls records form that time will have been in some or all cases have been rewritten by clerks and published over 200 years later in 1907 in CRS volume 5. There were in addition many comments added much later to that data from that year of 1671, providing some knowledge and assistance to readers and researchers regarding what may have happened to a particular family in the years following 1671. With copying and recopying information (AS HERE!) and supplying further material, errors will have arisen. I believe that this is how the data has come down over the years and in some cases been misinterpreted. The original documents, where available "should" be the more relaible source.
n.b. Ellel Grange the home of Richard and Sarah Gillow was rebuilt in an Italianate style in 1859. It is now the international centre for Ellel Ministries, a Christian Mission Organisation. In the grounds there is an older semi derelict chapel, (St. Mary's) now being restored. It was presumably used by the Gillows for the celebrations of Mass.
7.Children of George 1701 and Sarah Coward (530)
720. Isabel b.?
730. Robert b.?
732. Alice b. about 1732 probably Lancaster area
733. Ann born about 1738 probably lancaster area.
Elizabeth b. about 1741
in Lancaster 1737.
in Lancaster 1740.
n.b. In 1767 in the Return of Papists, Alice and Elizabeth were listed with their father.
An Alice Haresnape probably Alice (732) acted as godmother for two baptisms in 1784 and 1786 at the new Catholic Chapel in Dalton Square, Lancaster. (see the information on St.Peter`s Church above). Alice Haresnape is also known to have given the sum of 5 pounds towards the building of this chapel.
An Ann Haresnape died in Lancaster aged 85, and therefore born around 1738. I have therefore placed her as an unmarried daughter of George (630).
A Miss Haresnape died in Feb 1796 in Lancaster, but no further information to prove her identity.
Robert 1698 and Anne Jackson (530)
740. William c. 1738 Cockerham
750. John c. 1740
760. George c. 1742 Cockerham
770. Joseph c. 1744 Cockerham
780. Sarah c. 1744
790. Francis c. 1747 Cockerham
Elizabeth c. 1749 Cockerham
810. Robert c. 1752 Cockerham
820. Alice c. 1754
Bolton le Sands
830. Thomas c. 1756 Bolton le Sands
840. Francis c. 1760 B. le S.
a shoemaker by trade. He was married in 1763 in Kendal area to Jane Nicholson (born Kendal
in 1742), 2 children (850). William died at Crossthwaite, in the Lake District in 1765,
aged 27. His death was before the birth of his second son. We are all quite lucky to be
here to read this! Jane later m. a Thomas Bell and had several more children.
William is buried in Crossthwaite churchyard, he is in good company for the Poet Laureate
and biographer Robert Southey is interred here.
(The data I had previously for this John has been transferred to John (700) above.)
John may have rented part of Corteses in 1783. No reference number, but in box 7.
A John Haresnape was mentioned in a lease of Crook and Thornbush (a dwelling), presumably from the Daltons in May 1796. ref DDDA box 15. This could also refer to John (750). Crook refers to Crook`s Farm which is on the shore of Glasson Marsh. Thornbush was a little to the north, once used as a stage for the ferry to go across Morecambe Bay to Sunderland Point. Photo views of the area (and the farm) may be seen here: click
George (760) was a House Carpenter by trade. He married in May 1766 at St.Oswald Church, Warton near Lancaster to Alice Nelson, 8 children (890). At the time of his wedding he was referred to as of the parish of Heversham. After the birth of their first child John, the family moved a few miles north to Heversham, Westmoreland, presumably to be near George's parents and family. George had an illegitimate child with Rebecae Stones. This child was christened two days before his next legitimate child and at the same church. 1784 was a sad year for this family as George's father died out in the snow on Heversham Head, and also his own two sons George and Thomas (aged 13 and 11) drowned in the same boating accident. In November 1786 he had some more misfortune when he was convicted of poaching salmon from the river Kent in nearby Levens Park (the estate of Lady Mary Howard).
his family may have moved to Witherslack with George's brother Thomas's family. In later
years he returned to Heversham where he died in 1814 aged 72 (the Heversham burial entry
records him living at nearby Hincaster). His wife Alice seems to have gone to live with
eldest son John and wife at Arkholme, Gressingham where she died in 1840 at the ripe old
age of 99.
has links with the Washington family. George Washington's ancestors originated in the 12th
century at Washington village in the north east of England, later spreading in several
branches to various parts of the country. Although George's immediate ancestors were from
Sulgrave Manor in Northants, one branch settled in Warton in the 15th century and lived
there for some 300 years. They helped to build the local church (still standing), and left
their coat of arms (stars and stripes) on the church tower. Several of the Washingtons
were clergymen to the Warton parish, and of course many of the Warton family would have
been christened here. It is therefore reasonable to say that at least one of the
Haresnapes was christened at the same font as the Washingtons!
n.b. At the time of her death, Alice Haresnape (nee Nelson) recalled an event in her life when she was about five years old. The tale she told was entered into the Gressingham and Arkholme parish registers. In November 1745 when the Jacobites were moving from Scotland towards Lancaster, her father was waylaid by a Highlander who stripped him of his clothes and sent him home wearing only his clogs. The parish register also records that in 1745 the ancient church plate was stolen from Gressingham church. (Scots again perhaps?) The reverend Bagot was allowed to borrow a cup whenever needed for the celebration of Holy Communion and to retain an inscribed paten belonging to Arkholme church
Sarah and her sister Elizabeth had their names added to the Rosary Confraternity Lists in 1755. Sarah was married by marriage bond in 1761 at Lancaster St. Mary to Richard Gillow of Clifton Hall, Forton. Clifton Hall may be seen at click. Sarah was aged 22 and Richard aged 24 years. (Sarah`s age here does not match her d.o.b.)
Richard was the son (born 1733) of Robert Gillow of Singleton. Richard trained as an architect but continued with his father's cabinet making firm. He was the inventor of the telescopic table and was responsible for the development of the furniture company and making the Gillow name famous. He also designed the Custom House in Lancaster, built 1765. See http://www.priory.lancaster.ac.uk/custom_h_2.html.Richard Gillow was well respected in Lancaster and employed very fine craftsmen. It is uncertain where they lived for one of their first children was born at Clifton in 1765 while a later child was christened in 1772 at Yealand Conyers which is close to Heversham where Sarah's parents and family where living. Richard seems to have died in 1811 and is interred at St. Mary`s in Lancaster with his daughter Sarah and also his brother Robert. Richard`s wife Sarah seems to have died possibly in 1793 and is buried elsewhere. (not verified).
is understood that Richard Gillow`s brother named Robert was to be
involved with the London showroom in Oxford Street. This was opened in
1700 and must have boosted the firm with sales to the gentry of
Richard Gillow and Sarah produced a number of children (968a). Sarah is understood to have died in Lancaster in Dec 1783 and was buried at Lancaster St.Mary.
must have died quite young.
married in 1770 at Bolton le Sands to William Harrison.
married in 1777 at Heversham to Jane Audland or Audlam, 3 children (970). Jane's father
was a Blacksmith in Lancaster. This may have prompted the move back to Lancaster of some
of Robert's children and grandchildren.
Thomas, a farmer married in ? at ? to Agnes Someone and it is thought that the couple had at least 2 children (1000). Thomas later married on 26 Aug 1786 to Jane Wright, daughter of James Wright of Brigsteer (which is south west of Kendal and a mile or two west of Helsington). There were seven children (1020), and the family lived in Heversham area. They later moved to Witherslack. Jane died aged 59 at New Bridge Cottages, Leven in January 1824.
married in 1782 at Heversham, Westmoreland to Ann Walker.
n.b. A will of a Francis Haresnape, Victualler of Liverpool was proven in the year 1809. Francis had died in November 1809. Probably Francis 1760.
is supported by the presence of an Ann Haresnape born 1816. She appears
in the 1841 census in Walton on the Hill, Liverpool at Fairfield
Nursery. Walton is now part of the city of Liverpool, but back in 1841,
it was agricultural land. In an old map of Walton of 1851, a
large horticultural nursery (for plants) is evident.
William 1738 and Jane Nicholson (740)
850. Richard c.1764 Kendal, Westmoreland
860. William c.1766 Kendal
these freeholders may have been the first Haresnapes to enjoy the voting franchise
following electoral reform. They voted in both the 1820 and 1826 elections for the county
members of parliament.
Richard may have been the first Haresnape to settle in Kendal town proper. Richard was described as a farm labourer, weaver, and Bobbin turner, and therefore he may have been the first of the family to enter into the trade of bobbin making. He marred in 1781 (aged 17) at Kendal (town) to Isobella Wildman (b.1760), 7 children 1090.
In 1786 -1792 they were living in Wildman St. in Kendal.
(the photo is from the Margaret Duff Collection and reproduced by permission of P.S.Duff).
Isabella died in 1813 aged 53. Richard seems to have remarried to Sarah
in 1819. The 1829 directory has him as a shopkeeper/flourdealer. He
died at Crossbank, Scalthwaiterigg near Kendal in 1839 aged 75,
his son Robert being present at the death. Richard`s widow Sarah was
living in Scalthwaiterigg
according to the 1841 census with her stepson Richard and his wife and
daughter. She was
described as being of independent means. She was also there in 1851
living alone at the
age of 82 and trading as a grocer at Far Cross Bank. (this would have
been a continuance
of her late husband's trade). She died there in 1852 aged 83, her
stepson Richard being
present at her death.
William married Elizabeth Warriner in Kendal in 1786. Elizabeth died in 1814. William remarried to Sarah Nixon, a 33-year-old widow in 1815 at Kendal Holy Trinity
died in 1833 in
Kendal, and Sarah seems to have fallen on hard times. She is on poor
relief in 1845 (2 shillings and six pence per week). In 1841 and 1851
she is living as a widow in Captain French (Lane) with her great niece
Jane, and the Todd family (see below). She seems to have she died in
Milnthorpe workhouse in 1860 at the age of 78.
n.b. 1. A
map of Kendal of 1600 shows the existence of Wildmans Gate, from which the street later
took its name. The meaning of Wildman perhaps refers to the fact that the gate was at the
northern entrance to the town, and was subject to raids from Scotland i.e. from wild men.
n.b. 2. A
famous person lived in Kendal from 1781 to 1793. He was John Dalton son of a local weaver.
Here he taught at a nearby Quaker school. In 1793 he went to Manchester and became world
famous as a scientist, interested in meteorology, colour and most notably for his theories
on the atomic weights of the elements.
report in 1800 (LCRS vol. 1868/9) states that no nettles were seen on a walk from
Seathwaite to Kendal as all had been eaten "to counter starvation which had been
threatening people for so long."
John 1740 and Jane Whitehead (700)
870. Robert c. 1773 Ellel, Lancs
Alexander c. 1775 Cockerham
had been raised from the age of about five in his new family
following his mother Jane`s remarriage to Robert Danson, a
therefore had a different upbringing to that of farming, and
became a Coachsmith. He may have m. Bella Someone in Lancaster, 2
(1170) and then to Jane
Someone, 2 children (1190). Jane was born in 1781. The couple seem to
have moved to Lichfield in Staffordshire,
the dates of Robert and Jane's children's births being sequential.
Robert`s wife Jane died in Staffordshire in 1815, aged about 34. She
was buried at the parish church of St.Michael in Lichfield.
Robert seems to have died in Staffordshire in 1823 aged about 46. It is
the children relocated to the London area, for several of the children
married in that
who was likely named after a close relative of his mother`s Whitehead side, seems to have died in 1775 in Cockerham.
George 1742 and Alice Nelson (760)
890. John c. 1767 Warton near Lancaster
900. John c. say 1768 Warton
910. George c. 1771
c. 1773 Heversham
930. Robert c. 1775
940. Brian c. 1775 Heversham
950. William c. 1778
960. Anne c. 1781 Heversham
appears to have died in infancy.
John 1768, like his father was a carpenter, but also named as a joiner and wheelwright. In 1829 (aged about 61) he was recorded as a wheelwright living in Witherslack, Cumberland. He married Margaret Someone and they lived at Alkholme, Gressingham in Lancashire (probably in later years also with his mother Alice). Margaret died in May 1838, at Gressingham aged 72, two years before Alice. In 1841 John was therefore living as a widower in Gressingham. Also in the house were a Sarah and Ellen Park. In 1851, at the age of 83 and described as a widowed joiner he was living with a Henry Herst. John died of old age at Gressingham in January 1852 aged 84.
Thomas died in the same boating accident in 1784. It is considered that this was on the
infamous tidal sections of Morecambe Bay.
Brian were twins.
Robert married in 1800 at Kendal Holy Trinity to Ann/Jane Atkinson, a minor. She was listed as from Troutbeck, Windermere (but said to be born in Ecclerigg, Westmoreland in 1796). By 1810 they had moved to Lancaster where (spelled as Hairsnape) he was described as a "tailer and woollen draper", the shop being in St.Leonard Gate (this is from a commercial directory). It seems that he became bankrupt. Unable to support his wife and daughter Alice from his earnings, they were forcibly moved (under the terms of the Settlement Act) back to Hincaster (Heversham). An Alice died in Lancaster in 1840 and may have been their daughter. There were 2 more children from this marriage (1210). It seems likely that Robert`s wife died and he remarried in 1822 at St.Mary`s parish church in Manchester, to Elizabeth Jackson, a widow. (note the Jackson connection again). Robert is shown here as a tailer and a widower. Which is a little odd for an Ann Harsnap (married) was living in Kendal in 1851 with her brother James Atkinson, a retired farmer. Ann was aged 55. No death or burial record has been found for Robert, Ann or Elizabeth Haresnape. Did they leave the country?
n.b.There is another item (newspaperspaper record) where a Robert Hairsnape of Broadgate (which is in present-day Cumbria north of Millom), married in 1815 to Ann Atkinson of Applethwaite. The marriage was at Troutbeck. Applethwaite is a few miles north of Kewick. I have tentatively placed this as Robert (980) see below, whose wife was unknown to date. I have also therefore given Robert (930)`s wife as Jane Atkinson. The discrepancy for Ann Harsnape above is somewhat, but not completely, explained
married in 1804 at Bentham, Yorkshire (just a few miles away) to Mary Hancock, 3 children
(1240). He is thought to have worked as a joiner. It
is thought that William died by 1822, for in May of that year a Mary
Hairsnape, a widow, was married to Matthew Carter, a widower and a butcher of
Bensham. The marriage was at Lancaster St.Mary.
Anne married in Nov 1801 at Heversham to Edward Fisher of Hincaster, one child (it is possible that the Anne identified in this marriage is a daughter of Thomas (830), and vice versa.
George 1742 and Rebecae Stones (760)
965. Jane b. 1771 Heversham
Jane (Stones) was baptised Feb 1771 at Heversham.
8.Children of Sarah 1744 and Richard Gillow (780)
968a. Sarah (Gillow) b.1762
968c. Richard (Gillow) b. 1772 Lancaster
968ab. Agnes (Gillow) b. ?
968 d. George?
968 e. Jane Frances (Gillow) b. 1776
968 f. Agnes (Gillow) b. 1780
968 g. Alice (Gillow)?
968 h. Winifred (Gillow) b. ?
The gaps between the children indicate further births. I have included some possibilities but not given all identification numbers.
Sarah Gillow, (968a) first daughter, born 1762 died aged 39 in 1801. Buried at St.Mary`s, Lancaster. Presumably she was a spinster.
Robert Gillow (968b) inherited Clifton Hall/Hill in Forton. Presumably this was on the death of his father Richard. Robert died aged 75 in 1838 (this gives his birth date)
Richard Gillow (968c) continued with the furniture making business. This made the family wealthy and Richard purchased Leighton Hall from a cousin (Worwsick family) in 1822. Today, the descendants of the Gillow family continue to own Leighton Hall, which is open to the public. See Leighton Hall It contains fine examples of Gillow furniture. Leighton Hall is close to both Warton and Heversham where Haresnapes lived from 1770 onwards.
Paintings of both Robert Gillow(senior) and also of Richard Gillow (junior), the son of Richard (senior) and Sarah Gillow (nee Haresnape) dated 1822, can be seen on a visit to the hall.
George Gillow is mentioned as in Hammersmith, London in late 1700s, perhaps in connection with their furniture business in the capital. He died in 1822 in Hammersmith. (note that a furniture factory was established at some time in Hammersmith, where later as Waring and Gillow was used for the manufacturer of airframe sections (wings etc) during World War 1.
Agnes Gillow (968 ab) seems to have died in Lancaster as a young child. She was buried at Lancaster St.Mary in 1775.
Agnes Gillow (968f) received the Holy Habit of Probation on 5th August 1800 in her 20th year. Thus she seems to have been born in 1780/1.
In 1801 a Sister Jane Frances Gillow (born 1776) was elected Mistress of the Novices (Franciscan Nuns). In 1841 she was a nun at the Convent of Taunton Lodge, (St Mary Magdalen), in Somersetshire. It consisted of 1 mother superior, 36 nuns including Jane, 2 chaplains and 2 gardeners.
An Alice Gillow, daughter of Richard and living at Great Eccleston, Lancashire died in Feb 1799. She was buried at St Michael, St Michael's on Wyre.
Winifred Gillow, daughter of Richard of Lancaster died in 1784 (age not given) and was buried at Lancaster St.Mary.
As mentioned above, both Robert (senior) and his son Richard Gillow (and George Haresnape, Sarah`s uncle) may have been involved in the slave trade, if indirectly, for the import of fine mahogany. click
Robert 1752 and Jane Audland (810)
Elleanor c. 1778 Heversham, Westmoreland
980. Robert c. 1780 Heversham
990. John c. 1783 Heversham
died in 1779
Robert seems to have married (no details) but his wife must have died, for he married again as a widower in 1830 at Blackburn St.Mary the Virgin, to Mary Abbot, a widow. Both were of that parish, and Robert was a hatter by trade. The couple remained in Blackburn, a major cotton town in Lancashire where they they made their home. Robert died in 1854, at a Blackburn "workhome", aged 74 and his wife in 1856 aged 78. Robert and Mary were named in the Hairsnape surname form at their deaths.I have for now given Robert as first having married Ann Atkinson. Newspaper record shows a Robert Hairsnape of Broadgate (which is in present-day Cumbria north of Millom), married in 1815 to Ann Atkinson of Applethwaite. The marriage was at Troutbeck. Applethwaite is a few miles north of Kewick.
Susannah Allen (born in Stockport,Lancashire) on 15th Sep 1805 at St. Mary the Virgin, Prestwich,
Lancashire (where she lived).
They were both of that parish, near Manchester, so
presumably John had relocated to that town. They set up home in
city of Lancaster (or nearby). They produced at least some twelve children
(1270), all christened at L.S.M. (whther John was living there at the
same time as brother Robert is unknown, but does seem likely). Some
of their descendants were living at Blackburn in the late 1800's.
John was a
twinespinner. (also known as a ropemaker at his daughter Mary Ann`s
business got into difficulties in 1817 and "he transferred all his
effects and assets into trust for the benefit of his creditors".
In other words, like several other Haresnapes over the years, he
John died aged 55 in September 1838. He was buried at Lancaster St.Marys Church.
lived on and is shown in 1841 census at 98 Moor Lane in Lancaster. With
were her adult children Mary aged 20, Agnes aged 15, Edward aged 12,
and Margaret aged 10. There were also other close family members living
in the same house (see below). Susannah of Victoria Yard, Lancaster
died in Dec 1856. She was also interred at
Lancaster St.Marys. Her age was given as 60, but she must have
Thomas 1756 and Agnes Someone (830)
1000. Miles b. 1782 somewhere
Frances c. 1787 Helsington, Westmoreland
to Sussex, for he is known to have been resident at Nuthurst in that county where he died in 1827. He
may have started a family group in that county for there were a number of Haresnape
marriages there around the 1820s and 30s. At present we have no evidence for this
Haresnape line continuing in Sussex after that date.
lived at Heversham area until she was 14 then went with her parents to live at Witherslack
in the Lake District. She married in 1805 (aged 20) to Anthony Hewitson. Anthony was a
charcoal burner, this being one of the traditional woodland industries.
have also been a daughter Ann born here who was married in Witherslack in 1799 to Michael
Jackson. It is possible that this Ann is the Anne (960) above and vice versa.
particular method of obtaining charcoal used the wood from coppiced trees, the wood
stacked in forest sited ovens and allowed to burn slowly. The charcoal was to be used in
bloomeries for the making of iron, in the manner used for centuries by the monks of
Thomas 1756 and Jane Wright (830)
1020. Thomas c. 1789 Helsington, Westmoreland
1030. Elizabeth c. 1792 Helsington
1040. Jane c. 1795
1050. Mary c. 1798
Margaret c. 1801 Witherslack, Westmoreland
1070. John c. 1803
1080. Agnes c. 1806 Witherslack
away from the area, marrying Elizabeth Muncaster in 1813 at Irton, Cumberland. (This is
closer to the West Coast and near Eskdale). Thomas and Elizabeth had a child (1307). Here in 1829 Thomas
was recorded as a victualler. He may have been in partnership with William Jackson as
carriers between Ulpha and Whitehaven every Tuesday. Thomas also ran a boarding house
"Bower House" at Irton with Santon. In
the 1841 census for
Eskdale, he seems to be living alone at Randle How, near St.Bees,
Cumbria and aged about 60. He was a general/agricultural labourer.
Elizabeth his wife was not listed. She does however, show up
again in 1851 at Eskdale, (as Betsy Haresnape) and she is shown as
married and aged 76. But on this occasion, her husband is not listed.
Peculiar! Perhaps in these two census, we have the same property,
but with only Thomas or his wife present on each occasion. Perhaps the
other one was out on the roads somewhere!
In the 1841 census for Eskdale, he seems to be living alone at Randle How, near St.Bees, Cumbria and aged about 60. He was a general/agricultural labourer. Elizabeth his wife was not listed. She does however, show up again in 1851 at Eskdale, (as Betsy Haresnape) and she is shown as married and aged 76. But on this occasion, her husband is not listed. Peculiar! Perhaps in these two census, we have the same property, but with only Thomas or his wife present on each occasion. Perhaps the other one was out on the roads somewhere!
that an Elizabeth Hairsnape aged 40 died at Lancaster Asylum in March
1825. This may have been Elizabeth (1030). It is not the wife of Thomas
note that an Elizabeth Hairsnape aged 40 died at Lancaster Asylum in March 1825. This may have been Elizabeth (1030). It is not the wife of Thomas
christened on Christmas Day 1795.
They lived initially between Kendal and Heversham at Levens, By 1841 they had settled in Kirkby Ireleth, Ulverston, Lancashire, where her husband is described as a general labourer. This is about 5 miles north west of Ulverston in quite an isolated area.They were back in the Levens, Milnthorpe, Kendal area in 1851 and 1861 (with son Thomas)..
Mary(as Hairsnape) married William Stubbs in 1817 at Heversham. Mary was described as of Lyth(e) and William as of Kendal. n.b. Lyth Valley is is West of Kendal towards Lake Windermere and in the general Crossthwaite/Witherslack area.
baptised at the age of 17 perhaps at or near his death. John was a carter. He died in 1820
at Witherslack aged 17.
have given birth to a child Thomas Haresnape (1305) c. at Hugil in 1831, father not
recorded, therefore Thomas probably illegitimate. The mother and child seemed to have then
gone to Liverpool and here she was married at St.Nicholas Church in 1839 to Robert Benson. At the marriage
both were recorded as living in Drinkwater Gardens. Although Robert was
a labourer he signed his name on the certificate (Agnes made her mark). Robert, Agnes and
Thomas were living at 30 Duckinfield St., Liverpool in 1851 (three children 1305). They
lived in various homes in the Mount Pleasant area of Liverpool,
including Tobin Street in 1861. Robert was a plumber, as were his two
sons. Robert died sometime after 1861, for in 1871, his widow Agnes was
registered at Trowbridge Road, Mount Pleasant with her widowed daughter Jane (at 25 years of age!- was this an accident?) and two related Stanley children.
THEN FAMILY LINES CONTINUED AS BEFORE.